Ebola Timeline

[=]  Ebola Virus Disease Resources and Timeline

Please email suggestions and corrections to   ethics@miami.edu

July 29, 2014
The death of Sierra Leone’s “hero” doctor
Reuters Report

July 31, 2014
WHO, regional leaders to “launch intensified Ebola outbreak response plan”
WHO News Release

August 1, 2014
CDC issues Ebola guidelines
Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in U.S. Hospitals

Guidelines for Evaluation of US Patients Suspected of Having Ebola Virus Disease  (revised August 8, 2014).

August 12, 2014
WHO panel: “it is ethical to offer unproven interventions with as yet unknown efficacy and adverse effects, as potential treatment or prevention.”
Summary of panel discussion.
Panel report:  Ethical considerations for use of unregistered interventions for Ebola virus disease

Two doctors in Liberia to receive experimental drugs to treat Ebola.  
BBC: Liberia to receive ZMapp drug to treat Ebola virus
Reuters: Liberia to give two doctors trial drug, Ebola toll at 1,013

Indian physicians in Nigeria report they are being forced to stay in the country to treat Ebola patients after local physicians did not report for work. The CEO of Primus Hospital in India confirmed the doctors were afraid of contracting the disease but said it was their duty to treat patients, adding it was “against medical morality” not to do so.
Thompson Reuters Report
Hindustan Times Report

August 20, 2014
CDC Releases Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus
Interim Guidance

Florida Department of Health provides update on its monitoring efforts
DOH memo

August 25, 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and WHO sign a confidentiality memorandum “to help facilitate communications ... regarding an actual or potential public health crisis or public health emergency of international concern…”
Text of memo

August 28, 2014
NIH announces plan for initial human testing of an investigational vaccine to prevent Ebola virus.
NIH News Release

August 29, 2014
Number of deaths at 1,552
WHO Report

September 2, 2014
CDC director says epidemic is “spiraling out of control”
CBS News Report
Business Insider Report

September 12, 2014
Roberto Morales Ojeda, Cuba’s Minister of Public Health, announces Cuba will send a medical team of 165 people to Sierra Leone.
WHO Report

September 16, 2014
President Obama announces an expansion of military and medical resources to address the epidemic.
White House Blog

October 10, 2014
Number of deaths passes 4,000

November 12, 2014
Number of deaths passes 5,000

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[=]  Other Resources: Repositories & Referatories

Consortium of Universities for Global Health Ebola Outbreak Info Center
Link to this Resource

The Lancet  Ebola Resource Centre
LInk to this Resource

Science   Magazine “Special Collection”
Link to this Resource

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Emergency Website

World Health Organization Ebola Website
Link to this Resource

[=] Other Resources: In the Literature

del Rio C, Mehta AK, Lyon III GM, Guarner J.   Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in 2014: The Tale of an Evolving Epidemic. Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 19 August 2014] doi:10.7326/M14-1880

Galvani AP, Ndeffo-Mbah ML, Wenzel N, Childs JE.   Ebola Vaccination: If Not Now, When?. Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 21 August 2014] doi:10.7326/M14-1904

Kass N.   Ebola, Ethics, and Public Health: What Next?. Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 19 August 2014] doi:10.7326/M14-1864

Krech R, Kieny M-P.   The 2014 Ebola outbreak: ethical use of unregistered interventions. Bull World Health Organ 2014;92:622 | doi:   http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.14.145789.

Klompas M, Diekema DJ, Fishman NO, Yokoe DS.   Ebola Fever: Reconciling Ebola Planning With Ebola Risk in U.S. Hospitals.  Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 21 August 2014] doi:10.7326/M14-1918

Meltzer MI et al.   Estimating the Future Number of Cases in the Ebola Epidemic — Liberia and Sierra Leone, 2014–2015. MMWR 2014;63;1-14.

Mugele J, Priest C.   A Good Death — Ebola and Sacrifice. NEJM, September 3, 2014, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1410301.

Wolz A.   Face to Face with Ebola — An Emergency Care Center in Sierra Leone. NEJM 2014; 371:1081-1083September 18, 2014DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1410179.

WHO Ebola Response Team.   Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa —The First 9 Months of the Epidemic and Forward Projections. NEJM September 23, 2014DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1411100.

Hastings Center.   Ebola and AIDS Comparisons.  Hasting Center 2014.

[=] Other Resources: Ebola Blogs

    The High Stakes in Fighting Ebola: Leave One Burning Ember and the Epidemic Could Re-Ignite  
The Lancet
    Regaining trust: an essential prerequisite for controlling the Ebola outbreak
Project Syndicate
    Responding to Ebola
Hastings Center
    Responding to Ebola: Selected Commentaries on Key Ethical Questions